What India needs to do to stamp out poverty

From http://www.CNBC.com 

India can potentially achieve an average economic growth rate of 7.8 percent and help eradicate poverty by implementing reforms that boost job creation in the non-farm sector and increase productivity in agriculture, McKinsey Global Institute said in a new report.

India’s economy, the third biggest in Asia after China and Japan, grew 4.5 percent in the 2012/2013 fiscal year, slowing from 6.7 percent in the previous one.

Sluggish economic growth, high inflation, and a failure to implement long-term economic reforms have hurt the appeal of local assets in the past year and put India in the ‘fragile five’ category of emerging markets seen as most vulnerable to an unwinding of U.S. monetary stimulus.

In its report released Thursday, McKinsey said it had developed a new metric called the empowerment line, which determines the level of consumption needed for a person to fulfill basic needs that include food, housing and drinking water, sanitation and health care.

“The report finds that 56 percent of India’s population lacks the means to meet all of these basic needs. Some 680 million Indians live below the Empowerment Line—more than 2.5 times the population of 270 million below the official poverty line,” McKinsey said. “Without concerted reforms, more than one-third of the population would remain below the Empowerment Line in 2022.”

India has a population of about 1.2 billion and the world’s biggest democracy goes to the polls later this year.

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McKinsey urged reforms in four key areas and first up was accelerating job creation.

“India needs reforms that unlock the economy’s potential to add 115 million non-farm jobs by 2022,” McKinsey said. “This would absorb the expected growth of 69 million in the working-age population, raise the labor force participation rate by some 2 to 3 percentage points, and reduce the share of farm jobs from 49 percent of total employment in 2012 to 37 percent in 2022.”

The second area of reform India should focus on is raising farm productivity, McKinsey said.

According to the consultancy firm, increasing investment in agriculture infrastructure and research can help raise the average farm yield per hectare to about 4.0 metric tons by 2022 from 2.3 metric tons in 2011.

“This would bring India’s yields in line with those in other emerging Asian countries. Gains in agricultural productivity would also accelerate the transition of labor to more productive non-farm jobs,” the report said.

The last two areas of reform should focus on increasing spending on basic services and making those services more effective, McKinsey said.

It added that public spending on social services needs to almost double to $226 billion by 2022 from $118 billion in 2012. It said that the impact of increased spending would be “magnified” if more of that expenditure reaches those who need it.

“If India increases funding for basic services but does not improve on this current performance, nearly Rs. 545,000 crore ($113 billion) of social service spending will fail to reach intended beneficiaries in 2022, up from about Rs. 285,000 crore ($59 billion) today,” the McKinsey report said.

It pointed to measures put in place by other countries to deliver more effective public services such as using technology to streamline and monitor operations.

What is an NGO?

The term voluntarism is derived from the Latin word ‘voluntas’ which means will or freedom. Thus, in simple terms voluntary organisation is a group of persons who organise themselves on the basis of voluntary membership without external or state control for a common cause, for the cause of downtrod­den and those who are deprived of their basic human rights.

NGO (Non Governmental Organisation) is a UN terminology encompassing all kinds of voluntary organisation. NGO is synonym to democracy. What Abraham Lincoln said about democracy, could be applied for NGO, an NGO is of the people, for the people, and by the people. Thus, voluntary organisations have a valuable role to play in a free and democratic nation like India.

Even after fifty years of independence, poverty, illiteracy, child labour, illegal detention, dowry deaths, violation of human rights, shabby treatment of the fair sex, etc. prevails in Indian society. To fight these maladies tooth and nail, the government machinery needs the assistance of voluntary organisations. Today, the role of government is quite limited to the enactment of law and appointing committees for the execution of the laws.

Voluntary organisations have been operating in diverse fields and those areas where the govern­ment is unable to reach and the yeoman service rendered by such organisations (commonly referred to as NGOs) has brought succor to the many lives. There has been a general recognition that voluntary organisations can play an active role in national development and to bring in about social change.

Nevertheless, it should be realised that the work of an NGO is not a ‘bed of roses.’ It demands a lot of sacrifice. It needs committed people who are willing to give up worldly comforts and work with dedication and sincerity for the cause of the downtrodden. Voluntary organisations follow the adage that the “Process of work is an end in itself.”

 

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Play and Child Development

Play is that activity through which child learns by doing with the least amount of resistance. It is a behaviour format which can facilitate report and communication and through which information and learning can pass between child and adult.

The significance of play within, the human experience has been widely recognized and play is natural activity for children. It is a way in which children explore their environment and come to terms with its realities.

Parents are often faced with the difficulty of finding effective methods to implement in order to facilitate the child’s growth. In this situation, play may be used not only as a basic activity resource but in many instances as an appropriate child care methodology. Play is a behaviour format which can facilitate rapport and communication and through which information and learning can pass between child and adult. Through play the child learns by doing with the least amount of resistance.

Child care practice might use the high levels of motivation apparent in play and its undeniable educational value. In order to do so the validity of play in respect of child development must be established; play must be placed within a theoretical framework; an attempt must be made to integrate this knowledge into our child care techniques.

The emphasis on performance both in class and on the sports field to some extent denies the importance of play. This is especially so in the context of learning that takes place through the daily living experiences of the child-learning that cannot be taught formally and theoretically but which must be experienced within social interaction.

The Role of Play

Following are some major roles of play:

1. Play activity provides a stable, logical, preverbal structure to which the child applies his reasoning. The reasoning is put into language and the language in turn assists reasoning because it helps the child to recognize what others think of his speech efforts.

2. It is suggested that play, although not a prerequisite for language, facilitates language acquisition and skills by providing a vehicle through which language can be practiced and encouraged.

3. It is not only through language but through play itself that the child learns to express himself in a unique and individual manner.

4. He discovers qualities about himself and finds his own sense of satisfaction.

5. He can construct ‘as if’ situations in which he can play mother, father, sister, teacher, etc. In the acting out of various situations and roles, play has a constructive function.

6. It is an attempt by the child to master and integrate reality. In this sense play also has the adaptive function of defusing and divesting situations of their negative and threatening qualities. This facilitates the positive assimilation of experiences for the child.

7. The validity of play lies in the fact that it is part of a process of growth

8. Play is a process of experimentation and exploration.

9. Through play the child attempts to master various skills to cope with his changing roles in a changing environment, to assimilate and integrate processes and to develop an adaptive and individual personality.

 

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Hyderabad

Some information on Hyderabad, India from http://uplifthumanityindia.org/

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Hyderabad is the capital of Andhra Pradesh and also considered the largest city in southern India. Located near Musi River, this city is amiably known as Pearl City, as it was once recognized as the trading hub for diamonds.

Although much of these diamond centers no longer remain, the city of Hyderabad emulates the vision of a diamond, as it is recognized as the city of bright lights and great resorts and monuments. In fact, Hyderabad is home to the Charminar, a stunning mosque that to many residents is viewed as significant as the Taj Mahal in Agra. Other attractions include the Golconda Fort, Taramati Baradari, and the Salar Jung Museam, all of which hold a distinct historical significance to the natives.

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In 2007, the Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation was created in order to regulate the city’s local government leaders. The GHMC assists local governments with many of its daily activities, however, most importantly, it funds pre-school education and public schools.

The problem is that the GHMC was founded in 2007, which means generations of children have lacked the resources to go to school and learn the practicalities of life.

Golconda Fort, Mosque near the top
Uplift Hyderabad’s goal is to aid these numerous underprivileged children who lacked the proper guidance to excel in their environment. Our team desires to maintain Hyderabad’s title “Pearl City” as Uplift Hyderabad strives to make these children also shine throughout the rest of their lives.

Notable Children’s Charities

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1. UNICEF: An international organization established by the United Nation which provides various assistance and helping hands to children; it covers most parts of the world operating in 190 plus countries. Their criteria represent priorities of early childhood, child protection, primary education & gender equality, young child survival & development etc. It is being funded through government & humble philanthropists.

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2. Save the Children: Another noteworthy international non-government organization which promotes child rights, support & relief programs to children across developing countries. Mainly from United Kingdom, and the origin dates back to 1919 in London. Their cause depicts economic development, health care, providing emergency assistance to children through quality education, helping in conflicts of natural disasters and war, and are proud to put forth a declaration of the rights of all children. They have successfully diversified in 120 countries and counting.

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3. Friends International: An international non-government, social enterprise organization from Cambodia which focuses on children’s empowerment. Founded in 1994, they serve in Southeast Asian territories and worldwide as well. Their intention is to build safe havens from children from all forms of abuse and to prosper in a sustainable environment to be better productive citizens. It caters to children who have faced challenges in child labor, poverty, domestic abuse, sickness, drug abuse, separation from family etc.

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4. World Vision International: A humanitarian aid organization located in California that serves through 97 countries and known to be one of the largest reliefs and development organization in the world. Their motive is simple. To bring about lasting change in the lives of children living in stricken poverty, provides child sponsorship by empowerment of income generation and self-sufficiency. It grants access to needy children by lending sanitation, clean water, education, nutrition, health care, responsible relations to livelihood and environment etc.

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5. Free the Children: This is an international charity and youth movement founded in 1995 and mainly originated in Canada. It runs educational programs and campaigns in Ecuador, Ghana, Kenya, India, rural China, Nicaragua, Sierra Leone and many developing countries to give hope to the youth by becoming socially engaged. The movement started by Kiel-burger brothers astonished the world enough to motivate today’s youth into acting more sensitively by addressing issues and action on child rights.

Education should be free for all

“No, I want my child to study.I want him to get what I did not get in my childhood.I will give him education even if I have to pay a huge amount of money to the educational institutions”

These are some lines which are said by the parents of this modern era. Every parents tries their level best to provide quality education to his ward and to fulfill their dreams they spend a large amount of money so that their ward is able to study in the best educational institution.

Schools, coaching centres, educational institutions , etc, etc are prospering day by day. It seems as if they will give rise to a new industry named the educational industry.

They charge money to provide education and the parents blindly spend such amount to educate their ward.

But the question is–

ARE THESE INSTITUTIONS PROVIDING EDUCATION OR THEY ARE DOING BUSINESS IN THE NAME OF EDUCATION??

In this modern era, EDUCATION is no more giving knowledge or teaching a child so that he/she can know more and more about the society.Rather it has converted into a business in almost every institution charge a huge amount in return of the facilities they provide.

In the best educational institutions of the world, donations are taken in return of registering an average student and giving him education.

Advertisements made by the schools, colledges, coachings, etc is a way of getting more and more customers in form of students and surely their business is prospering day by day.

Basically the parents are being cheated in the name of education.

Even if it gives rise to a new industry, this industry will not be able to fulfil its social responsibility towards the society.

The system of education in the world has to improve, the meaning of education has to improve. Providing education should not be limited to providing lumsum amount of money. The meaning should be giving quality education to the youth to develop the world.

This is not what “I” as an individual or “you” as an individual can do.For this many “I” have to come together to give rise to a “we” and this “we” will be able to convey this message to the world.

Improving Childhood Education

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Learning is not all about memorizing historical facts and working out mathematical sums. Instead, it involves a combination of many things in hand. For example, analyzing, questioning and looking for new ways. Early child education is a branch of education that involves formal of the teaching of children outside the classroom. This can be done by family members or any other body that spends time with the child. This article takes a keen look at ways of improving childhood education. These include;

1. Try to expose your child with experiences.
Exposing your child to many meaningful experiences will not only improve his or her child education, but also equip him or her with knowledge that he or she will use in life. According to research conducted by experts, most people who expose their children to many meaningful experiences before joining school help them to learn how to interact well with the society.

2. Explore the world at every opportunity.
Travelling with your child to every corner of the world helps to diversify your child’s mind in broad areas such as geographical, historical and cultural. It also helps him or her to understand the different traditions and customs of each community in the world. Therefore, when travelling never make a mistake of leaving your child at home because you are denying him a right to education.

3. Embrace education everyday.
Everyday activities can open their mind to new exciting lessons. For example baking a cake with your child helps her to understand the practical applications of mathematics, science and nutrition. Attending with him to a football match helps him to understand statistics and the essence of team work.

4. Expose your child to culture.
Exposing your child to museums and zoos is a great way to teach and entertain him. This is because the child will always be looking forward to visit these places since they are adventurous more so they broaden their minds with horizons of hobbies and passions.

5. Take every opportunity to answer why?
Most children tend to have many questions, especially when they encounter a new thing in life that may spark interest in him. By answering these many endless questions you are really assisting him to open up his mind and therefore he gets to learn alot from you. Always know that the parent is the first teacher of the child, hence look at every opportunity in life to learn with your child as this will have a great impact in his life.